Osteoarthritis is a “wear-and-tear” type of arthritis that is the most common form of arthritis in the knee. It is degenerative and most often occurs in people 50 years of age and older, but it is not uncommon to develop in younger individuals as well. When osteoarthritis occurs, the cartilage in the knee joint will gradually wear away over time. As this happens, it becomes frayed and rough, and the protective space between the bones decreases. This eventually results in bone rubbing on bone, which produces painful bone spurs.
Shoulder osteoarthritis affects range of movement in the shoulder and interrupts daily life. The acromioclavicular joint, or AC joint, is a joint at the top of the shoulder. When arthritis affects the AC joint it is the result of degeneration of the cartilage at the ends of the clavicle and acromion. There are many causes of this degeneration such as repetitive movement from normal day-to-day activities and cartilage degeneration due to injury to the joint. Both of these causes are a result from the smooth cartilage on the ends of the bones breaking down and creating an inflammation in the joint. If only the A-C or acromioclavicular joint is involved, then injections, oral medications, activity modification or possibly resection of the distal clavicle may be all that is necessary. When the arthritis involves the glenohumeral joint, or ball and socket, then shoulder replacement may be indicated.
Most ankle arthritis is the result of wear and tear, or osteoarthritis. Other forms of ankle arthritis are inflammatory, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Either way, it results in pain, combined with loss of function and mobility, which can severely limit normal activity. When the end stage is reached, and conservative measures have failed, patients are presented with three methods of surgical treatment: ankle fusion, total ankle replacement, and, in some cases, distraction arthroplasty.
Call or schedule an appointment today with Global Orthopedics so you can begin treatment if you suspect you are suffering from arthritis.
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